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Natural ingredient – definition in cosmetic manufacturing

Natural ingredient – definition in cosmetic manufacturing

From the article, we will learn what criteria must be met in order for an ingredient to be defined as natural, and we will learn about the standards for natural cosmetics.


Definition of natural ingredient

Currently, there is a fashion trend for natural and organic cosmetics. What is a natural ingredient? According to the definition, it is a natural raw material of plant, animal or mineral origin. It can also be a mixture of them or product of a reaction between them two. Only physical processes (pressing, extraction, filtration, distillation or drying) can be used to obtain a natural ingredient. Enzymatic and microbiological processes using naturally occurring unmodified enzymes and micro-organisms are also acceptable.


What requirements must organic and ecological cosmetics meet?

For organic cosmetics, there are strict and rigorous standards that must be met for a cosmetic to be labelled ‘organic’. Organic cosmetics must contain raw materials that come from supervised plantations. Soil composition, rainwater and water used to water crops are then examined for contaminants. Growers must only use fertilizers and plant protection products from the list of certified products. In addition, organic cosmetics and eco cosmetics must be distinguished by a certificate that confirms the organic composition. These include certifications such as: Ecocert, BDIH, Soil Association or AIAB. It is necessary to adapt the production line to produce natural cosmetics. Organic creams must be separated from conventional ones during production, and disinfectants must carry the eco-stamp. Ecocert defines the rules and requirements to be met by producers applying for the certificate. They must use 95% natural mineral and plant materials and these must come from controlled organic farming. The composition of an organic cosmetic should contain at least 50% of all plant ingredients. Manufacturers cannot use raw materials based on genetically modified plants or from dead animals, e.g. collagen and elastin.

The use of petrochemicals, i.e. silicone oil, paraffin, synthetic products, colouring and fragrance agents, synthetic preservatives is forbidden. Sterilisation of the product must not use radioactive radiation.

During the production of organic cosmetics, the manufacturer must give up using synthetic fragrances, colouring agents and synthetic preservatives, and must use environmentally friendly packaging. There is also a whole list of raw materials that can be used and a list of prohibited raw materials. A natural cosmetic should contain at least 95% of natural ingredients and 15% of active substances.


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